A widespread fear is the fear of sharks, not helped by fear-inducing films such as Jaws, Deep Blue Sea, and Red Water. Nevertheless, although there are over 360 species of shark, only 4 are known to attack an unprovoked human. The Great White, Tiger, Bull and Oceanic White Tip Sharks are the deadly few. However because the oceanic white tip remains in the deep ocean does not come near the coast like the others, less attacks by them have been reported, the majority of the attacks by the first three species described are well known. Recent studies have shown that they are unlikely to strike unprovoked, however during the two World Wars, when several ships were sunk while at sea, a number of attacks were attributed to the oceanic white tip. While the four species listed above account for a large number of all shark attacks, there have been a few others that have caused human injury. Get More Information about us.
There are a variety of shark attacks of various kinds. The first is “Hit and Run” when the shark bites and leaves. This is actually a common occurrence among sharks – “exploratory bites” are known as these bites. Sharks rarely directly target a person for food, as humans do not have the correct amount of fat composition they need to preserve their solid, muscular bodies. Sharks are therefore unable to feel hunger, and will in fact go months without feeding. The second type of attack is sometimes fatal, and happens in deep water most often. “It is referred to as the “Sneak Attack”. A further attack form used by sharks is the “Bump and Bite”. Prior to heading in for a kill, they brush up against their prey to incapacitate it. A simple bump from these powerful animals can also cause significant harm to a human being.
Sharks also circle their wary prey to avoid possible injury to form an aggressive target and then go in for one swift attack; leaving after it has exhausted itself or died from the injury inflicted. While this may work for the typical prey of a shark, this strategy also offers an opportunity for humans to get out of the water and escape the attack. These creatures are also highly competitive, and being in the wrong place at the wrong time may invite an attack, such as when there is a war of dominance between or within a species.
Sharks are equipped with a variety of advanced sensory organs and can help avoid accidental attacks by understanding what they are and what they do. Sharks are equipped with an organ known as Lorenzini’s Ampullae that is capable of detecting electrical impulses as small as those produced by the muscle activity of a person or animal. This helps them spot their prey over long distances. Some sharks are also able to detect blood in the water, most notably the Great White, as little as a drop or two from over a mile away.
Although the risk of a shark attack can not be removed entirely while in shark infested water, there are some measures that can be taken to minimise the chances.
1. When sharks prefer to drink, at dusk and dawn, and at night, stop being in the water. At night, sharks have exceptional visibility and are more likely to confuse a person in the dark for prey.
2. Many shark species prefer dark, muddy waters and steep drop offs, so where possible, avoid those areas.
3. Since certain animals are particularly sensitive to the presence of blood and when they encounter it they will attack without precedence, preventing bleeding when in open water. People with open wounds and women do not go into open water during their menstrual period.
4. Hang in big groups and stick to the middle where possible. Never swim by yourself.
5. Take written and verbal alerts, especially from lifeguards and other professionals, seriously.
6. Use common sense. Never forget that all sharks are by nature, wild animals, including those considered to be harmless. When faced with various circumstances, you never know for certain how they will respond. Be precautionary.
7. USE YOUR Intuition. Get out quickly if you don’t feel comfortable being in the water. Don’t put yourself in doubt. It’s easier to be safe and wait for another opportunity than to be sorry and lament that your instincts have not been followed.